PQC: As I said, THEY are all in this scam and plandemic. Governments are just tool for the CABAL to use effectively. CHINA-Chicom is just a useful instrument. Without statist system, namely government. they could not have done such thing at such scale successfully. The current blame game is just a red-herring, a distraction for sheeple to entertain. Keep thinking in a nation-state paradigm with moronic mindset of nationalism, people, especially the “educated” ones, are just running around inside their matrix. People must get out of the box, stand above the matrix to see the whole thing. If people cannot comprehend and fathom what professor Antony Sutton had found in his lifetime research before he was marginalized because of his findings, then people can never understand what’s going on in front of them right now. The people have been reduced and devolved into just mere guinea pigs of their own governments!
WUHANGATE – 9. HIV inserted in SARS chimeric virus in 2007 (pics). Thanks to Australians & EU Commission Funds
By Fabio Giuseppe Carlo Carisio – May 17, 20209670https://www.facebook.com/plugins/like.php?href=https://www.veteranstoday.com/2020/05/17/wuhangate-9-hiv-inserted-in-sars-chimeric-virus-in-2007-pics-thanks-to-australian-eu-commission-funds/&layout=button_count&show_faces=false&width=105&action=like&colorscheme=light&height=21Share
1 – Mondialists hands on dangerous GMO SARS-HIV
2 – Prodi’s EU Commission & Australia funded Wuhan’s tests
3 – Chimeric viruses SARS-Like infected with HIV
4 – Stratagene: the kit for genetic mutations
5 – Vaccine for HIV thanks to an influenza
6 – Other researches in Wuhan wuth AIDS’ patogen
“If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have observed my word, they will also observe yours”.
Jesus Christ – Gospel of John (15.20)
by Fabio Giuseppe Carlo Carisio
«In this study, a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-based pseudovirus system was employed to address these issues. Our results indicated that the SL-CoV S protein is unable to use ACE2 proteins of different species for cell entry and that SARS-CoV S protein also failed to bind the ACE2 molecule of the horseshoe bat, Rhinolophus pearsonii. On the other hand, we demonstrated that after replacement of a small segment (aa 310 to 518) of Rp3-S by the cognate sequence of BJ01-S, the CS protein mimics the function of BJ01-S in regard to receptor usage in the HIV pseudovirus assay system».
A few lines published on page 1900 of Vol. 82 of the Journal of Virology of February 2008 deny the entire world scientific community. “Tricks sometimes work but always self-destruct,” wrote the Lebanese Christian poet Gibran Kahlil Gibran.
It is the “smoking gun” that testifies to the construction in the laboratory of a chimeric CoronaVirus with the grafting of the AIDS pathogen which took place in the very distant December 2007 at the Wuhan Institute of Virology managed by Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Now some geneticists should look for “the biological bullet” that really triggered the current pandemic in order to also trace the place where it exploded: accidentally for a test that ended badly or voluntarily for a planetary bacteriological war. And then see if they coincide …
If it is in fact ascertained that in the research center near the Asian outbreak they know much more than they tell – even for the censorship imposed by the communist regime that could entail the death penalty for espionage – there is no certainty that the wrongdoing took place there and not rather in the many US Army research centers or in some countries of the former Soviet Union such as Georgia and Ukraine where the Pentagon, headquarters of the Department of Defense in Washington, manages top secret bio-labs even in the diplomatic shadow of the CIA as highlighted in previous reports.
Just look at the declassified video of the US Navy on biological warfare dated 1952 and published exclusively by Gospa News to remember the enormous potential of the Pentagon.
Today, however, we have irrefutable proof that a Genetically Modified Organism had already been engineered in China 13 years ago, with analogous molecular biologic characteristics as the ones found by illustrious scientists in the genomic sequences of the new devastating and highly deadly SARS-CoV-2 viral strain.
But these courageous researchers have been boycotted and disqualified by media and colleagues who have banally supported the thesis of a casual presence of the traces of HIV, by others who have even lied denying the existence of similar tests and by others who have asserted the undertaking to insert one virus into another too complex and expensive.
This is the only true statement but the hundreds of millions of dollars business that has been created around genetic engineering and bio-technologies is now so swirling that it justifies huge funding even from distant institutions such as the European Union …
This is only the first, in chronological order, of the experiments carried out in Wuhan with a chimeric supervirus obtained between these two pathogens, therefore defined recombinant. In fact, there are other subsequent ones made in the laboratory of the province of Hubei even before in 2015 it obtained the BSL-4 biosafety certification.
1 – MONDIALISTS HANDS ON DANGEROUS GMO SARS-HIV
Many of them, as we have already seen in the report “CoronaVirus Bio-Weapons 9” and in more detail in “WuhanGate 4 and 5”, were conducted with the support of the American government agency USAID, the tool of the powerful Central Intelligence Agency for financial operations abroad aimed also at masked coups (the so-called regime-change for democracy), and with the contribution of NIAID, the National Institute Alergy Infective Diseases directed by the now lugubriously famous Anthony Fauci.
But in the ocean of virology studies we have found a dozen with the use of the now burning SARS-HIV combination, also previously carried out: in Beijing in 2004 and 2005, in New York in 2005, in Switzerland and Taiwan in 2006 .https://www.gospanews.net/en/2020/03/29/pandemic-bio-weapon-9-supervirus-created-by-us-during-obamas-govt-89-covid-viral-strains-in-cias-top-secret-tests/embed/#?secret=8ss0MfDuMM
This happened for a very simple reason that I try to explain even to readers without technical skills. The reactions of the angiotensin 2 converting enzyme (ACE2), identified as the receptor of protein S (Spike) which becomes the “killer” that allows the SARS-Cov virus (the strain 1 isolated in 2003) to attack the cells human, were tested with human immunodeficiency HIV-1 in consideration of the affinity between the two viral agents of influenza / pneumonia and AIDS.
But if all this is so obvious why the theory expressed by the French virologist Luc Montagnier who in 2008 won the Nobel Prize for Medicine just after discovering the functioning of human immunodeficiency and before, between 1982 and 1985 the HIV-1 and HIV-2 viral strains, was rejected by the scientific community?
Who better than he, in the worldwide, can claim to have identified inserts of the AIDS virus in SARS-CoV-2, which has so far infected more than 4.6 million people and has killed (directly or indirectly aggravating pre-existing diseases) more than 309 thousand worldwide?
Very simple: because in these risky searches for potential vaccines, which can also be used as bio-weapons thanks to the enhancement of laboratory superviruses for testing, many nations of the world and the most important international institutions have taken a hand.
This is confirmed by the 2007 experiment carried out not only by the Wuhan Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences but also by the Cell Proliferation Laboratory of the Ministry of Education at the College of Human Sciences of the University of Beijing, by the East China Normal University of Shanghai, from the Australian food and farmer industries CSIRO Livestock together with the Australian Biosecurity Cooperative Research Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases in Geelong.
That experiment from the Hubei Province research center was also funded largely by the Chinese, through the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Academy of Scienses and National Nature Science Foundation of China for Creative Research, but also by the Oceania’s institution just mentioned and from one of the Old Continent …
Well yes, dear fellow citizens of the European Union, the most suspected laboratory on the planet, the now infamous Wuhan Institute of Virology, we have also helped him with our tax contributions!
Even Brussels, in fact, has supported research on these chimeric superviruses called SARS-Like (SL-coded) potentially lethal such as the one that ended up in the spotlight of the Leonardo scientific TG3 of RAI3 Italian TV for a 2015 study and which became viral in the media after the outbreak of the pandemic.
As we reported in another article, in reality, the studies on the superviruses were at least 2 but managed by Wuhan in collaboration with the University of North Carolina (which has carried out one of them mainly in its laboratories) thanks to the huge and unknown archive of “chimeric virus” and other genetic material infected with patents by the Chinese, for this reason an international partner in biological research.
The news just released by the British Daily Mail that the Beijing government admitted to having destroyed some CoronaVirus samples on January 3 is therefore of little relevance. In the documentation in our possession we have counted 27 of those SL genetically engineered. Because the wild ones isolated from horseshoe bats in the USAID project would be around 160.https://www.gospanews.net/en/2020/04/25/wuhangate-5-flops-antiviral-gileads-stock-raids-and-bio-weapons-killer-tests-with-cia-pentagon-zionists-chinese-labs/embed/#?secret=Prov7mjp4M
But it wasn’t the European Parliament that put a potential deadly weapon in the hands of the cynical scientists of the Chinese Communist Party. No. It was that technical body of political appointment called the European Commission through a specific project called Program EPISARS of which, mysteriously, almost all traces on the web have disappeared…
And since the bad news for Italy never fails, it hurts me – but it doesn’t surprise me – having to point out that the project was started just when an Italian, Romano Prodi, was appointed to the presidency of the EC, appointed to lead the “Council of Ministers EU thanks to the political support of the center-left parties of L’Ulivo (Olive Tree), to the excellent relations with its predecessor Mario Monti, a link between politics, speculators of high finance and the Bilderberg consortium, and finally the king of international globalists.https://www.gospanews.net/en/2020/04/17/coronavirus-italy-emergency-task-force-with-mckinseys-lobby-gates-cia-bilderberg-soros/embed/#?secret=UbT1Dkikr9
I refer to the strategic alliance with the occult plutarch George Soros, manipulator of dozens of MEPs but above all financier of the US Democratic Party which with President Barack Obama has launched the plan of 10 mandatory vaccines for Italy. Just Gospa News has discovered that the self-styled philanthropist of the New York Open Society is also a big shareholder in the Californian big pharma Gilead: the one that is making money on the pandemic thanks to a retroviral born precisely to fight HIV as shown in the previous dossier.
The controversy Honoris Causa conferred on Soros by the Faculty of Economics of the University of Bologna chaired by Stefano Zamagni, head of the Olive Tree for social policies and human resources, aroused many controversies on October 30, 1995. That’s happened in front of Prodi, candidate and future left premier in 1996, also gloating for the preface to the Italian version of the Hungarian tycoon’s book, disliked by many Italians for leading speculation on the Lira which in 1992 blew up public debt. But we will talk more about these sinister political intrigues in an even more puzzling forthcoming reportage.
2 – EU COMMISION PRODI FINANCED THE TESTS IN WUHAN
Well on April 1, 2004 the Prodi commission. of which Monti himself was a member, set aside a budget of almost 2 million euros (exactly 1,906,539 euros in grant No. 511063) to assist China in researching SARS: the Acute Respiratory Severe Syndrome which in 2003 had killed 814 people in Asia infecting more than 80 thousand and making people fear even worse. This promptly happened as if the Deep State really wishing to impose the New World Order had meticulously engineered it …
«Were there other ‘human’ CoV able to induce respiratory diseases? Would we have the appropriate diagnostic tools to differentiate SARS from the flu, during acute respiratory infections? Would neutralising antibodies play a role in protecting against re-infection; if yes, would such immunity be long-term, knowing the rapid decline in protective immunity associated with other human CoVs?» these are the questions that EPISARS asked in the project by answering in the final document.
«The SARS epidemic has been exemplary in that it gave the scientific and the public health community the opportunity to study the emergence of a virus in human populations at a time both epidemiological and virological tools were available for in-depth studies. The results were remarkable, with the control of the epidemic within six months. EPISARS has markedly contributed to this outcome, notably with the identification of the horseshoe bats as reservoirs for SARS-like coronaviruses, and with the documentation of the crucial role played by the masked palm civets in the spread of the disease to humans. Needless to say, our contribution, although very significant, is one piece of a gigantic effort putting together international organisations such as the World Health Organisation (WHO), national sentinel surveillance systems, and first-class laboratories». Pure rhetoric pompous of the worst self-celebrations …https://www.gospanews.net/en/2020/04/23/wuhangate-4-the-nobel-covid-19-manipulated-china-us-affair-class-action-for-bio-weapon-in-texas/embed/#?secret=Lzap9mG3N0
Judging by the 309,000 dead today, there is a well-founded suspicion that the program instead helped to create, rather than prevent, new epidemics! Indeed, it certainly stimulated those experiments deemed dangerous and ethically doubtful by Professor Montagnier for the viral combination SARS-HIV, detected in the new CoronaVirus strain of the current pandemic also by a group of Indian scientists of the Kuzuma School of Biology in New Delhi who according to the Nobel Prize winner were then “forced to retract” the published study.
Montagnier, today head of the department of Tao Jong University in Shanghai where he currently lives, was director of the Virology Unit of the famous Pasteur Institute in Paris until 2000, later becoming an emeritus academic of the CNRS of that university.
Well do you know who was the European Union contact person for the EPISARS project in Wuhan Institute of Virology? Just the Pasteur institute, which however has removed all information about that program as it appears on the Cordis website, the only one in the EU to report a few news since even the official web address EPISARS is no longer reachable …https://www.gospanews.net/en/2020/04/18/wuhangate-3-covid-19-created-in-lab-with-hiv-medicine-nobel-confirms-indian-research-disclosed-by-gospa-news/embed/#?secret=2T7wGP2AbA
It is therefore very probable that the Nobel Prize winner knows much more than what he revealed in the interviews and published in his official study on Research Gate since the Wuhan laboratory was opened in 2004 also thanks to a collaboration of China with France, which was later replaced in support by the US government agency USAID from 2009 thanks to the PREDICT 2 project.
It was also funded by Eco HealthAlliance, a private New York NGO supported by the pharmaceutical giant Johnson & Johnson, repeatedly convicted of serious violations, and also by American, Chinese and Saudi universities as described in WuhanGate 1. The same plan, however, includes among the Global Partners the World Health Organization, the NIAID of Fauci, capable of providing 3.7 million dollars to Wuhan, and the CDC (Center for the prevention and control of diseases).
3 – CHIMERIC VIRUSES SARS INFECTED WITH HIV
In the WuhanGate 8 report we published a worldwide preview of the research of another French professor, Pierre Bricage who not only demonstrated the validity of the thesis of his colleagues in India on the traces of HIV in SARS-Cov-2 but added surprising analytical details thanks to his great experience in the head of molecular genetics that allowed him to become director of the Department of Biological Engineering of the University of Pau (Beaume, Pyrénées-Atlantiques) and lecturer also for NATO.
«This virus could not have emerged spontaneously by natural mutations and wild strains recombinations, it is a genetic chimaera with artificial insertions of modified genes, an engineered genome of a coronavirus within a capsid of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)» wrote in his study in which he elaborates a bio-chemical hypothesis so perfect in describing the different lethality of the current pandemic to reinvigorate the suspicion that the new CoronaVirus may be a bio-genetic weapon calibrated to target ethnic groups in a different way , as supported by authoritative experts.
«Isn’t it possible to make a coronavirus biomimetic of HIV? Isn’t it technologically possible to modify an ancestor of SARS-CoV-2 to produce a biomimeticcoronavirus of HIV so as to develop a potential AIDS vaccine (Du et al., 2009)?» Professor Bricage then mentions some research generically (with the exception of one which we will discuss separately because it is wrapped in a huge mystery).
Here, however, we will analyze in detail those where the so-called recombinant based on chimeric viruses created in the laboratory and therefore called SARS-Like, all initialed SL, appears, always starting from the experiments conducted in 2007 in Wuhan thanks to funds from the European Commission. The text of the study “Difference in Receptor Usage between Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Coronavirus and SARS-Like Coronavirus of Bat Origin” is proof of disbelief …
«We cloned and expressed the bat R. pearsonii ACE2 gene and examined the abilities of ACE2 proteins from human, palm civet, and R. pearsonii to support infection by HIV-based pseudoviruses containing different S protein constructs. Our results indicated that the bat SL-CoV (Rp3) S protein is unable to use ACE2 for cell entry regardless of the origin of the ACE2 molecule. We also demonstrated that the human SARS-CoV S cannot use bat RpACE2 as a functional receptor. On the other hand, we demonstrated that after replacement of a small segment (aa 310 to 518) of Rp3-S by the cognate sequence of BJ01-S, the CS protein mimics the function of BJ01-S in regard to receptor usage in the HIV pseudovirus assay system ».
For us, bio-chemistry laymen, we cannot understand much of the technical language. We just need to know that the combination between the two powerful and lethal pathogens is undoubtedly mentioned, but above all that they are talking about the replacement of small segments referring to the humanized BJO1-S antibody based on HIV.
Inevitable that Bricage’s words come back to me in reference to the analysis of SARS-Cov-2 which, we repeat, cannot be considered genetic heir to that of 2007 just described, lacking a molecular comparison, but it would have been created in a way analogous according to nine Indian and two French scientists …https://www.gospanews.net/en/2020/05/14/wuhangate-8-sars-2-virus-gmo-built-with-hiv-bio-engineer-ex-nato-lecturer-destroyed-natural-origin-theory/embed/#?secret=u5wotzFH9p
«The changes observed in its protein sequences (3 inserts coming from gp120 HIV and 1 insert from HIV gag) all increase the density of positive charges on the surface of these molecules. Such a non-random change involves the use of a protein engineering software tool to screen the genetic modifications prior to doing them» the bio-engineer wrote on Covid-19 pandemic.
4 – STRATAGENE, THE KIT FOR GENETIC MUTATIONS
At least today we know that those tools in Wuhan already had them as far back as 2007 where we could conclude the article here but the connections with other studies are interesting. To get to today’s discoveries, I turned my eyes red on the computer and on the tablet reading the titles and leafing through dozens of searches.
In the end I discovered that many secrets of molecular biology are in the notes under the heading Materials and Methods: the «HIV-based pseudoviruses were prepared as described previously (37)» reads a link that takes us back in time to the capital of the China.
The research is from 2005 and titled “Identification of Two Critical Amino Acid Residues of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Spike Protein for Its Variation in Zoonotic Tropism Transition via a Double Substitution Strategy” and we mention only an example passage.
La ricerca è del 2005, si intitola “Identificazione Di Due Residui Di Aminoacidi Critici Della Grave Sindrome Respiratoria Acuta Proteina Spike Di Coronavirus Per La Sua Variazione Nella Transizione Del Tropismo Zoonotico Doppia strategia di sostituzione” e ne citiamo solo un passaggio esemplificativo.
«Pseudotyped Viruses—HIV-luc/SARS pseudotyped viruses were generated as described previously (23, 24). Briefly, 10 _g of pNL.4.3.Luc.E_R_ (HIV-luc) (25) and 10 _g of S gene or its mutant-expressing plasmids were co-transfected into 2 _ 106 293T cells by the standard calcium phosphate precipitation method (26). Plasmids—Mutant S genes were generated by site-directed mutagenesis in the context of expression plasmid pTSh (17, 23, 24), which contains the humanized BJ01 S gene using a QuikChange kit (Stratagene). To construct a series of the C-terminal Fc-S (amino acids 14–520) genes, we amplified the coding sequences between the N-terminal 14 and 520 residues of the S protein from the full-length S gene and the corresponding mutant S genes with primers: forward 5_CGCGGATCCATGGATGCAATGAAGA-3_, reverse for 5_CCGGAATTCGATCAGGTCGGTGC-3_».
If you want to play the little chemist, get yourself uno Stratagene: the original QuikChange Site-Directed mutagenesis kit is used to make point mutations, switch amino acids, and delete or insert single or multiple amino acids.
Let’s go back for a moment to SARS-Cov-2, the 2020 killer described by meticulous Professor Bricage in reference to the sequences that he Montagnier and the Kuzuma School of Biology have identified as HIV: «None of these 4 inserts may result from a random single-point mutation. This type of mutation usuallyaffects only 1 amino acid and not a defined protein pattern (a series of specifically changed amino acids). A point mutation can also cause a shift in the reading frame, but this usually results in a non-functional protein».
Effective Stratagene! May be very expensive… But the Chinese do not know about costs for technology, especially if, as in the case of the 2005 study just mentioned, the Department of Cell Biology and Genetics of the University of Beijing was also supported by the «Sixth Framework Program “EPISARS” from the European Commission».
The same university had also conducted in 2004 the experiment denominated “Expression cloning of functional receptor used by SARS coronavirus”: «When human ACE2 cDNA was transduced into NIH3T3 cells, the ACE2 expressing NIH3T3 cells could be infected with HIV/SARS pseudovirus. These data clearly demonstrated that ACE2 was the functional receptor for SARS-CoV» reads n the study.
5 – HIV VACCINATION THANKS TO INFLUENZA
Let’s leave China for a moment and go to Switzerland where in 2006 the Research Department of the Kantonal Hospital in Saint Gallen started looking for “Towards a coronavirus-based HIV multigene vaccine”.
«Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection represents one of the major health threats in the developing world. The costly treatment of infected individuals with multiple highly efficient anti-HIV drugs is only affordable in industrialized countries. Thus, an efficient vaccination strategy is required to prevent the further spread of the infection. The molecular biology of coronaviruses and particular features of the human coronavirus 229E (HCoV 229E) indicate that HCoV 229E-based vaccine vectors can become a new class of highly efficient vaccines».https://www.gospanews.net/en/2020/04/14/wuhan-gate-2-hiv-inside-coronavirus-bio-weapon-proof-by-indian-research-misteriously-concealed/embed/#?secret=D8qgGxBsib
This study, certainly pragmatic as chilling, brings to mind an ironic phrase of the French professor Bricage: «Could we not protect ourselves from AIDS while only risking a simple cold? What couldbe more dull and benign than a cold?» the professor wondered in his research after also highlighting some possible side effects that we will analyze in the next article.
In the same year the National Health Research Institutes, from Miaoli in Taiwan worked in exactly the opposite direction: “Identification of synthetic vaccine candidates against SARS CoV infection” but inside there is always the SARS / HIV pseudovirus.
But the first real “Design of recombinant protein-based SARS-CoV entry inhibitors targeting the heptad-repeat regions of the spike protein S2 domain” was published in April 2005 by the Department of Molecular Virology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences which created and strengthened the Wuhan Institute of Virology as a center of excellence.
We could stop here to demonstrate the falsehood of that scientific community that has declared the possibility of inserting HIV sequences in SARS-Likes as far-fetched and too laborious.
But we don’t want to do wrong to the Lindsley F. Kimball Research Institute of the New York Blood Center which in 2005 developed the research for a vaccine based on the recombinant protein rOv-ASP-1 which proved to be a powerful adjuvant «was confirmed in mice vaccinated with a 37-mer peptide from the S protein of SARS-CoV and an HIV-1 gp120-CD4 chimeric polypeptide antigen».
“Cross-species transfer of viruses: implications for the use of viral vectors in biomedical research, gene therapy and as live-virus vaccines” is the eloquent title of the study published in October of that same year by the GMO National Institute of Public Health and the Environment in Bilthoven (Netherlhands). But of all it is the only “bioethical” and also prophetic because it aims to “assess the risk to the activity” that others now take for granted.
Much more disturbing, however, the molecular biogenetics experiment of four researchers from the School of Life Sciences of Xiamen University in the province of Fujian in China focused in 2006 on “Preparation of a Chimeric Armored RNA as a Versatile Calibrator for Multiple Virus Assays” where as test they have «Vwe tried to directly package a 1200-nucleotide–long foreign RNA sequence containing gene fragments of hepatitis C virus (HCV), HIV-1, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 1 (SARS-CoV1), and SARS-CoV2 into the original armored RNA production vector pAR-1 (8)».
6 – OTHER RESEARCHES BY WUHAN WITH THE AIDS PATHOGEN
In 2009, however, the Wuhan Institue of Virology again published the study “Immunogenicity difference between the SARS coronavirus and the bat SARS-like coronavirus spike (S) proteins” in wich «the immunogenicity of the SL-CoV S protein (S(SL)) was studied and compared with that of SARS-CoV (S(SARS)). DNA immunization in mice with S(SL) elicited a high titer of antibodies against HIV-pseudotyped S(SL). The sera had low cross-reactivity, but no neutralization activity, for the HIV-pseudotyped S(SARS)».
Another research similar even in the title “Immunogenicity of the spike glycoprotein of bat SARS-like coronavirus” was also published in February 2010 and was directed like all the others by Shi Zhengli, the head of the Center for Research on Infectious Diseases, not surprisingly nicknamed “Bat Woman” in China.
«To gain insight into the basis of this difference, we established a recombinant adenovirus system expressing the S protein from SL-CoV (rAd-Rp3-S) to investigate its immune characterization. Our results showed that immunized mice generated strong humoral immune responses against the SL-CoV S protein. Moreover, a strong cellular immune response demonstrated by elevated IFN-γ and IL-6 levels was also observed in these mice. However, the induced antibody from these mice had weaker cross-reaction with the SARS-CoV S protein, and did not neutralize HIV pseudotyped with SARS-CoV S protein» we read on papers.